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Ijma is the 1/3 and secondary source of law which means that “consensus”. It is an agreement amongst Muslims pupils upon a new raising trouble. According to the want of the time, Allah gave sanction to Muslims to perform ijma because it is important to solve to raise want of time. All schools of idea are agreed with this idea and perform as needed.

Ijma in Islamic jurisprudence

Meaning of Ijma

The word Ijma is driven from an Arabic phrase “AJMAA” which means agree upon a matter.

Definition of Ijma

An settlement upon a question of law of Muslims scholars at the same time.

Basis of Ijma

Quran
Sunnah
Analogy
Quran in Favor of Ijma
Almighty Allah finished the Quran in all issue and our Beloved Prophet (PBUH) is the last prophet of Allah. That is manner new raising issues and their solution is likewise given in mild of Islam.

Allah Says in Quran
Obey God and obey the Prophet and those amongst you who've authority.
You are the best of guys, and it's miles your obligation to order men to do what's right and forbid guys what's wrong.
Ahadees Texts in Favor of Ijma
My followers will never agree upon what's wrong.
It is acted upon you to follow the main frame.
Whoever esprit himself from the principle frame will go to HEL.
Types of Ijma
Explicit Ijma: In this Islamic scholar express their views upon a rising Islamic problem discussed in a vicinity.

Silent Ijma: In this Islamic scholar no longer virtually express their perspectives on an problem and the majority continue to be silent.

Absolute Ijma: In this, there never has been any distinct views of Muslims scholar and not may be any exceptional.

Who can perform Ijma

Qualification of mujahid need to have the subsequent qualities.

Scholar of Quran and sunnah
Expert of the Arabic language
Known the principle of naskh
Known Qiyas
Familiar with conventional science
Competent to explain the regulation
Updated with know-how of society
Validity of Ijma
The agreement must take vicinity amongst mujtahid.
The settlement be animus
The mujtahid should be formed in Islamic society.
The settlement ought to be held in keeping with Islamic rules.

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