What are isotopes?

isotopes
What are isotopes


Isotopes

In Dalton's nuclear hypothesis, all the particles of a component were viewed as the same in all the properties including their masses. Later on, it was found that molecules of a similar component can have different masses yet the same nuclear numbers. Such molecules of a component are called isotopes. So isotopes are different sorts of molecules of a similar component having the same nuclear number, yet different nuclear masses. The isotopes of a component have the same synthetic properties and the same situation in the occasional table. This marvel of isotopy was first found by Soddy. Isotopes have same number of protons and electrons yet they differ in the number of neutrons present in their cores.
Carbon has three isotopes composed as 126 C, 13
6 C and communicated as C-12, C-13, and C-14. Each of these have 6-protrons and 6 electrons. In any case, these isotopes have 6, 7 and 8 neutrons individually.  Also, hydrogen has three isotopes 1 H , 2        , 31 H called protium, deuterium and tritium. Oxygen has three, nickel has ive, calcium has six, palladium has six, cadmium has nine and tin has eleven isotopes.

In Dalton's nuclear hypothesis, all the particles of a component were viewed as the same in all the properties including their masses. Later on, it was found that molecules of a similar component can have diferent masses yet same nuclear numbers. Such molecules of a component are called isotopes. So isotopes are diferent sort of molecules of a similar component having same nuclear number, yet diferent nuclear masses. The isotopes of a component have same synthetic properties and same situation in the occasional table. This marvel of isotopy was irst found by Soddy. Isotopes have same number of protons and electrons yet they difer in the quantity of neutrons present in their cores.


Carbon has three isotopes composed as 126 C , 13

6 C and communicated as C-12, C-13 and C-14. Each of these have 6-protrons and 6 electrons. In any case, these isotopes have 6, 7 and 8 neutrons individually.  Also, hydrogen has three isotopes 1 H , 2        , 31 H called protium, deuterium and tritium. Oxygen has three, nickel has ive, calcium has six, palladium has six, cadmium has nine and tin has eleven isotopes.

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