What is the difference between a tree and a shrub



The world around us, biology without perspective

We all know that simple questions do not always have simple answers. For example, the answer to the question of why headphone cords are tied should be found in complex mathematical models. Today we want to ask another simple question: What is the difference between a tree and a shrub? Well anyone with an eye says the tree is bigger, but it's too simplistic. Get involved with construction and learn the real difference between tree and shrub. Anyone who walks in the woods can easily separate trees from shrubs at a glance. This segmentation is usually based on a series of non-flexible parameters.

Difference between a tree and a shrub

But if you think a little more about the difference between a tree and a shrub, the simple answers will be lost. At such times, we try to find answers in science lessons and credible sources. For example, the division that is common among ornithologists: "If you walk beneath it is a tree and if you have to walk it bush."


But this scientific view also loses some of its effectiveness. There are many trees and shrubs that do not fit into this simple classification. The Kolkwitzia amabilis tree is full of pink blossoms on shrub-shaped stems but can reach up to 1.5 meters in length. The tree Viburnum Sieboldii can also be transformed into a small shrubby slightly pruning. Some trees are also young shrubs and older trees! Like Magnolia virginiana, which in the early years is quite similar to a shrub, but becomes a complete tree after growth.



Reading just a few examples, it is enough to understand that the arguments of ornithologists cannot help to distinguish between trees and shrubs. The reason is that such a division has no place in botany. Such a question is often raised by ordinary people and is more of a linguistic issue. Botanists disagree with our definitions of trees and shrubs, and even this division does not matter to them.



So we need an expert to find the scientific answer to that question. Diana Curtis, the New York Botanical Garden's senior curator, is a good choice. He says that woody plants, which are divided into three groups of trees, shrubs, and grasses (a tree whose roots are in the soil but grow from other trees), are all on the same spectrum. On one side of the spectrum are species that are so massive and so close to the ground that at one glance you know they are a plant. On the other side of the spectrum are the classic trees: tall trees up to 2 meters high and fit into the definition of the general public of a proper tree. In the middle of this chain of plants that make you think. The thought that this is a tree or a shrub? What is the difference between a tree and a shrub?



The natural state of some plant species is easily classified into shrubs or small trees. But the selective breeding by humans has blurred the boundary between tree and shrub. We can now easily make Amlensher shrub grow on just one stem to form a tree. Or you can manipulate the orchard trees to fit perfectly into a small pine tree.



Given all of this, it can be said that finding a tree and shrub can be very difficult and perhaps useless. We can cover any tree with shrub clothing and vice versa. This only misleads the viewer about the nature of the plant species but does not change the tree or shrub species.



Still, many are still looking for answers. For most ordinary people, the most important determining factor is the length of the plant species. But Curtis believes that the most important parameter is density. If you can see the architecture and structure of the tree at a glance - a solid trunk and several separate branches in different sizes - you can be sure you are facing a tree. But if it is so dense that you can hardly see the main trunk and smaller branches, you are likely to run with a shrub.



US National Park Service's definition of tree and shrub can also be simplified: “Trees are usually more than 2 meters long and their trunk thickness is more than 5 cm. The shrubs are smaller than the trees and often have numerous, small, leaf-covered branches growing from the bottom of their trunk. "



Finally, tree or shrub classification is not a scientific classification. Rather, it is something that is very much used in everyday life and makes our look at the nature around us more accurate.


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