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Diagnostic Characteristics of Angiospermic families of plants

General Properties of angiospermic families of plants



  1. Habit: Annual, biennial or perennial, Herbs, shrubs, vines or trees.

  2. Roots: Taproot or adventitious roots; fibrous root or tuberous root.

  3. Stem: Woody or herbaceous; spiny or without spines, Cylindrical, aerial, climbing or underground stem.(rhizome, corm, bulb, tuber).

  4. Leaves: Sessile or petiolate, alternate or opposite, simple or compound, stipulate or exstipulate, parallel or recticulate venation.

  5. Inflorescence: Racemose or sometimes cymose.

  6. Flower: Pedicellate, sessile, bracteate or ebracteate, actinomorphic or zygomorhic, regular or irregular, complete or incomplete, unisexual or hermaphrodite; epigynous, perigynous, hypogynous.

  7. Calyx: number of sepals; free or fused, imbricate, green or petaloid.

  8. Corolla: number of petals; free or fused, imbricate; color

  9. Stamen or androecium: number of stamens; free or fused,

  10. Carpel or gynasium: Monocarpillary, postcapillary, simple or compound ovary; apocarpous or syncarpous, type of placentation.

  11. Fruits: Type of fruit

  12. Seed: endospermic or non-endospermic seed.

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