ROSE FAMILY: ROSACEAE – Diagnostic characters , floral diagram & formula , economic importance , pattern of distribution and common species

Diagnostic Characters of Rosaceae:-


1. Habit


Perennial (seasonal) herbs, shrubs (bushes) and trees (woody plants)

2. Roots


Fibrous tap (produced by seed)  root, Fibrous adventitious (produced by cutting) root.

3. Stem


The stem is covered with thorn, spikes or prickles Ϊ©Ψ§Ω†ΩΉΫ’, and the stem is Herbaceous (solid) or woody.

4. Leaves


Leaves are reticulate, simple or compound, pinnate type, petiolate, alternate, stipulate.

5. Inflorescence


Inflorescence of rosa indica is mostly cymose or racemose, some are solitary (single flower).

6. Flower


Hermaphrodite (male and female both sexes are present in the same organisms), actinomorphic (we can cut from any axis), complete, regular, pedicellate,  bracteate, perigynous,  or sometimes epigynous.

7. Calyx (Sepals)


4 or 5 calyx or sepals, free, epicalyx of bracteoles are present.

8. Corolla (Petals)


5 or multiple of 5 petals, free

9. Androecium (Stamens)


Unlimited or numerous Androceium, versatile, free, sometimes linked by their filaments.

10. Gynasium (Pistel) (carpel)


1 to numerous gynasium.

11. Fruits


Pome, drupe or an etaerio of drupes or achenes follicles.

12. Seed


Non~endospermic seed.



Floral Formula of rosa indica




Economic importance of Rosaceae 🌹


Rosaceae 🌹 has great economic importance for mankind. It is economically very important in the cold zone. For commercial importance,  Rosaceae 🌹 is ranked thirdin the flowering families in cold region.

1. Wood


The wood of Pyrus pastia is used for making tobacco pipes.

The branches of Crataegus are used as walking sticks and wood.

2. Ornamental plants


They are grown in houses 🏑 and gardens for their scented and beautiful flowers. The genus Rosa Indica 🌹 is widely grown for beautifying purposes. Its cultivated names are in thousands. A large number of plants of this family are cultivated for ornamental purposes. Many other genera of this family are cultivated in parks, gardens,  and houses for beautiful flowers.

3.Fruit


Many sweet fruits are obtained from the plants of this family.  Some important fruits are Apple 🍎 , Pear🍐 , Almond, Peach πŸ‘, Strawberry, and Apricot.

4. Medicinal and commercial uses of petals of Rosaceae 🌹


In many Asian countries, the petals of common roses  🌹 are called Gulabs like in Pakistan πŸ‡΅πŸ‡°. The Gulabs have the following uses :


1. Ark-Gulab


Ark-Gulabs is obtained from petals of the rose by distillation with water πŸ’§ . It has many important uses.  Commonly it is used for curing eye πŸ‘€ diseases.

2. Rose Oil


Rose oil is extracted from the petals of the rose. It is used for scented purposes specially in perfumes.

3. Gulkand


The petals of Rosa Indica 🌹 is used for making gulkand.



Pattern of distribution


This family is distributed all over the World.

In Pakistan πŸ‡΅πŸ‡°, about 29 genera and 213 species are present.

This family has about 100 genera and 2000 species.

Common species



  • Fragaria Vesca πŸ“

  • Pyrus Malus 🍎

  • Prunus PersicaπŸ‘

  • Rosa Indica 🌹






No comments